A 'cheonghwabaekja' is a white porcelain with a narrow neck that has blue patterns drawn with a cobalt pigment. It is covered with a transparent glaze and baked in reduced flames. It was produced from the early 14th century in China. However, it was introduced to Korea at the end of the 14th century and produced from the middle of the 15th century. In the early stages, Korean blue and white porcelains were heavily influenced by those made in the Ming Dynasty in terms of its shape and pattern, but from the end of the 15th century, it started to show independent characteristics. Korea imported the cobalt pigment from China in the beginning, but it developed its own later on. The elegant patterns on the porcelain were loved by many people, and they show different features depending on the time they were made. From the 15th to 16th century, ume flower and birds, mountains and rivers, and autumn grass; from the 17th to 18th century, orchids, pine trees and bamboos, and plum tree and bamboos; and after the 19th century, fishes, dragons and symbols of longevity were popular. The edge of the mouth of this ‘cheonghwabaekja’ is curved outward, the neck is long and the body is round. Dragons flying in the clouds are painted in cobalt blue. The dragon’s face is scary with its eyes wide open, and its scales are densely depicted on his body.
The jar is replicated and made into a piece of kitchenware. The dragon on the body is reproduced the same as the original, as well as the shape of the jar. It reminds people of the tradition of dishes, and it can be used as a decoration as well as household item in everyday lives.
Aug 30, 2016 Created by Korea Ministry of Culture,Sports and Tourism(MCST) ; and Korea Culture Information Service Agency(KCISA) ; Korea Sookmyung Women's University Museum